As part of the three lines of fire protection, Greater Sudbury Fire Services provides fire and public safety education on a number of topics ranging from fire escape planning to seasonal safety. We provide public education to residents and students on fire safety to help minimize the number of incidents that occur.
The 9-1-1 system is the core of Greater Sudbury Emergency-Response Network. Call 9-1-1 to report a life-threatening medical emergency, a crime in progress, or a fire.
The call-taker will connect you to the appropriate service whether it be ambulance, fire or police.
Be prepared to answer the following questions:
- Nature of the emergency
- Location of emergency
- Your name
- A contact number
- The closest main intersection
- Any other relevant information
Babysitters are responsible for both the children and the property of their employer. Here are some tips to help you keep yourself and your responsibilities safe:
Bring with you ...
- Smoke alarm
- Night light
- Babysitter's pamphlet
- Telephone stickers of emergency numbers
When you arrive ask for...
- emergency phone numbers such as the Poison Control Centre number
- the full address of the residence
- a phone number where your employer can be reached
- a tour of the house, and take careful note of exits;
- how door locks and windows work
- if the family has a fire escape plan and if the children have practiced it
- where the smoke alarm is, if it works, and if the children know what it sounds like.
When the parents leave, check:
- That doors and windows are locked
- The kitchen to ensure that the oven and stove are off
- The living room to ensure there are no lit cigarettes
- The bedrooms to be sure that nothing unsafe is lying in a child's reach
We recommend that babysitters do not use cooking or heating stoves.
What to do in case of:
A gas leak
- Do not turn off any lights or electrical appliances
- Get out
- Call 9-1-1 from a safe place
- Shout "fire"!
- Stay close to the floor, where there is fresh air
- Close all doors as you leave
- Call 9-1-1 from a safe place
- Do not go back into a burning building on fire
- Get the children out. Do not waste time getting them dressed, just wrap them in a blanket. Once the children are in a safe place, call 9-1-1. Do not go back into the building.
- If you are in an apartment building and the alarm sounds, check the door.
- If the door is not warm, check the corridor for smoke. If there is no smoke, proceed to the nearest exit. Take the key with you. Sound the fire alarm and use the stairs - not the elevator- to leave the building.
- If the door is warm or if there is a heavy smoke in the corridor, it may be safer to stay in the apartment. Close the door and place a wet towel at its base. Call 9-1-1 and tell them where you are even if there are already rescue workers on the scene. Go to a window and signal your location. Wait for firefighters to rescue you.
- If a fire should start in your apartment, stay low. Get the children out and close all doors behind you, especially your apartment door. Sound the fire alarm and use the stairs to get out of the building. If your clothing or the children's clothing catches on fire, smother the flames with a towel, blanket or other thick material, or stop, drop and roll out the fire.
Guide to Fire Safety:
The best way to keep fire safe is by being watchful of and careful with the children in your charge:
- Never leave children unsupervised
- Check sleeping children regularly
- Keep matches and lighters out of reach
- Do not light candles while babysitting
- Don't smoke on the job
- Keep children away from the stove, hot liquids, electric lamps, and space heaters
- Keep space heaters at least 1 meter from drapes, furniture or bedding
- Cook safely and only if you have permission
- Turn pot handles to avoid children knocking them or pulling them down
- Smother a pan fire with a lid - never use water
- Make sure you know what cooking materials can go into the home's microwave
Always test hot foods and liquids before feeding
- Fire spreads fast, don't delay!
- If clothes catch fire, STOP, DROP & ROLL on the floor to smother the flames
- Cool burns in cold water. If skin is already blistered, charred or dead white, IMMEDIATELY GET EMERGENCY HELP
- Immediately when you see flames, smell smoke, or hear the smoke alarm get everybody out of the house
- Feel the door first, if not hot, open slowly
- If there is a fire or smoke use another exit
- Crawl low under smoke; the air near the floor is safer to breathe
- Smoke kills, shut doors to stop smoke from spreading
- If you cannot escape, close the door and seal around it with cloth to prevent smoke from entering the room
- Always use the stairs and never the elevators
- Go to a meeting place that is a safe distance from the house and make sure everyone is there
- Take children to a neighbour
- Phone the emergency number from a safe place
- Give complete address; describe the situation and inform if anyone is still inside
- Stay on the phone until you are told to hang up
- Do not go back into the building for any reason
Now you know what to do, we hope you never have to use any of the emergency tips.
Good Babysitting and keep Fire Safe!
Please view the following for the required procedures for the conducting of fire drills:
- Prior to conducting a fire drill, the person conducting the fire drill must contact Sudbury Fire at 705-675-3341 and inform the communicator of the impending fire drill. The fire drill must be conducted within 15 minutes of this advance call.
- Informing the building occupants and monitoring station (if applicable) of the fire drill will be at the discretion of the person conducting the fire drill.
- At the time of the advance call to the Sudbury Fire communicator, the caller must give their name and a phone number where they can be contacted. No fire drills may be conducted without the receipt of this information and the person conducting the fire drill must be able to be contacted for the duration of the exercise.
- The person conducting the fire drill will receive a call from the communicator should Sudbury Fire receive a call from the public or occupant, a monitoring station, and/or 9-1-1 to confirm that the calls Sudbury Fire are receiving are related to the fire drill.
- Should Sudbury Fire receive a call during the fire drill period and the communicator cannot reach the person conducting the drill, then the communicator will dispatch fire department units to the location.
- Upon the completion of the fire drill and fire alarm panel is reset and back in service, the person conducting the drill will contact Sudbury Fire and inform the communicator that the exercise is completed. At that time, the caller can receive information from the communicator regarding the calls received from building occupants/public, their monitoring station or 9-1-1.
- Enforcement under the Ontario Fire Code (Ont Reg 388/97) Section 2.8 may result should the person conducting the fire drill not follow this procedure.
Please include this procedure as part of your Fire Safety Plan.
A home fire-escape plan may save your family's life!
Developing a fire-escape plan:
- Install smoke detectors on each floor of your home. Test them regularly.
- Draw a floor plan of your home showing all possible exits from each room. Plan a main exit route and an alternate exit route from each room. Make sure to include all hallways and stairs in your escape plan.
- You should know two ways out of every room. Always know at least two ways how to escape from all levels of your home.
- Make sure all doors and windows can be unlocked or opened.
- Ensure that everyone understands that if they hear the smoke detector or hear someone shout "fire" they should evacuate immediately.
- Decide on a meeting place. Someone should phone the fire department (9-1-1)
- Meet the firefighters when they arrive so they know that you are safe.
- Make certain that everyone in your home knows not to re-enter a burning building. Get out and stay out.
- Firefighters are properly equipped and trained to perform rescue operations, you are not.
Practice your escape plan. Regular practice is the best way to help prevent panic when an actual emergency occurs. Be sure that every member of the family knows what to do.
- A properly installed and maintained smoke detector usually provides enough warning to enable you to leave your home safely.
- Before opening any door, feel it. Do not open a hot door. Use an alternate exit instead.
- If the door and knob are cool, stay low with your shoulder against the door, open slowly. Be ready to close the door if smoke and heat rush in.
- Smoke and heat rise; breathable cool air stays low. Practice your escape plan by crawling on your hands and knees.
- If you are trapped, but as many closed doors as possible between you and the fire; seal all cracks in doors and windows with towels or bedding.
- If you live in an apartment building, your escape plan should take the building management procedures into account.
- If there is anyone in your home who needs help to evacuate, assign someone to assist.
- Make sure your babysitter understands your fire-escape plan.
In case of fire in your home, make a family fire-escape plan and keep your escape routes free of obstructions. Practice this plan often, and keep these pointers in mind:
- Stay calm
- Sound a warning
- If you awake to a smoke-filled room, crawl below the smoke to safety.
- Check the doors to see if they are warm. A warm door may mean that there is a fire on the other side. Use an alternate exit if possible.
- Get everyone out; wrap children in blankets if necessary, don't take time to get dressed.
- Close the doors behind you as you evacuate. This will slow down the fire.
- If your hair or clothing should catch on fire, smother the flames with a towel, blanket or other thick material, or Stop where you are, Drop gently to the ground and cover your face with your hands and Roll back and forth to put out the flames. Get medical attention as soon as possible.
- Call the Fire Department from a safe location. Do not delay.
Fire Won't Wait - Plan Your Escape
If fire broke out tonight while you were sleeping, would you get out alive? You must develop a home fire escape plan now and practice it regularly. Make sure you know two ways out of each room. If you encounter thick smoke, drop to the floor and crawl on your hands and knees to safety. Call the Fire Services from a neighbour's home. Remember, fire won't wait - so plan your escape.
Fire Escape Planning Saves Lives
- Develop and practice a fire escape plan. Be sure to include all hallways and stairs in your escape plan.
- Know (2) two ways out of every room
- Know (2) ways how to escape from all levels of your home.
- Make sure all doors and windows can be unlocked or opened
- IN CASE OF FIRE - GET OUT AND STAY OUT - NEVER GO BACK INTO A BURNING BUILDING
- Crawl low near the floor to the nearest exit maintaining contact with the wall
- Test the door by feeling it with the back of your hand - if it is hot, DO NOT OPEN, and use second way out
- If door and knob are cool, stay low with your shoulder against the door, open slowly. Be ready to close door if smoke and heat rush in.
- If trapped put as many closed doors as possible between you and the fire; and seal all cracks in doors and windows with towels or bedding.
- If clothing catches on fire, STOP where you are: DROP gently to the ground and cover your face with your hands and ROLL back and forth to put out the flames.
- Cool burns in cold water.
- Check your smoke detector regularly and replace the battery as necessary.
- Avoid careless smoking. Use deep ashtrays and never smoke in bed.
- Avoid unsafe cooking practices. Use caution when frying and keep a lid close by to cover a pot of hot grease in case it catches fire.
- Avoid storing unnecessary flammable liquids in your home or attached garage. Never store propane cylinders in your home or attached garage.
- Do not use unsafe electrical appliances. Discard frayed extension cords, do not use them as permanent wiring. Do not overload circuits.
- Twice a year, tighten fuses in the panel or check circuit breakers for free operation.
- Ensure that your wood-stove and chimney are safely installed and maintained.
- Clean-up your basement, garage, yard and other storage areas at least twice a year.
- If you cannot extinguish a small fire with your portable fire extinguisher or if the smoke is hazardous, leave the area right away.
- Never place yourself or others in jeopardy by attempting to extinguish a fire.
- Close the door to confine the fire.
- Alert the other occupants and call 9-1-1 from a safe place.
- Finally, wait outside for the firefighters to arrive.
The City of Greater Sudbury Fire Services addresses seniors' special needs through the Office of the Fire Marshal's Older & Wiser Program and the NFPA "Remembering When Program".
Our fire prevention officers host information sessions and conduct video and slide presentations designed specifically for our older residents. We work with the Older Adult seniors centre and retiree organizations such as Inco's SOAR, the VON, social services and other groups to ensure that elder persons and caregivers are aware of fire hazards, prevention and safety.
To arrange for one of our public educators to meet with your group, call 3-1-1
Home Fire Safety Check for Family and Friends of Older Adults
Do you know how to leave quickly if there is a fire?
Check that the older adult knows two ways out in case the main route is blocked by smoke or flames. Check that all doors and windows in the escape route can be easily opened.
Do you have a neighbour who can help in an emergency?
Can the older adult walk to a neighbour's house to call the fire department? In apartments, is there a neighbour who can help when the alarm sounds?
Is there a phone near the bed in case you need help?
Make sure the emergency number is posted on the phone.
What would you do if the room filled with smoke?
Demonstrate how to crawl low under smoke to safety.
Do you know the sound of the fire alarm and what to do when the alarm sounds? (For apartment dwellers)
Find out the correct procedures from building management.
Do you ever leave cooking unattended?
Tell the older adult to turn off the stove before leaving.
Do you know what to do if a pot on the stove catches fire?
Keep a proper fitting lid nearby and slide it over the burning pot.
Are there combustibles, such as tea towels or curtains, near the stove?
Keep anything that can easily catch fire away from the stove.
Do you wear tight-fitting or rolled up sleeves when you use the stove?
Dangling sleeves can easily brush against a hot burner and catch fire.
Are you careful not to reach over hot burners?
Use the front burners as much as possible.
Do you keep portable heaters at least 1 meter from any combustible materials, such as drapes, clothing or furniture?
Remind the older adult that portable heaters should never be used to dry clothing, tea towels, gloves, etc.
Do you consider yourself to be a careful smoker?
Smokers should use large, deep ashtrays and never smoke when drowsy or in bed.
Where do you empty your ashtrays?
Ashtrays should be emptied into a non-combustible can.
Are you careful when you drink and smoke?
Drinking alcohol while smoking is a deadly combination and accounts for many fire deaths.
Careless smoking is the leading cause of fire deaths. If you know someone who smokes, be sure to remind them of these safe-smoking habits:
- Smokers should never smoke in bed or when tired.
- Heavy drinking and smoking can be a lethal combination.
- Smokers should use large, deep ashtrays and never empty ashtrays into the garbage.
- Ashes should be disposed of in the toilet or doused with water.
If there is a smoker in your household, make sure your home is well equipped with smoke alarms that will alert you in case of fire.
To keep your basement and attic safe:
- Remove all combustible and flammable materials from the basement and attic.
- Store gasoline in well - ventilated areas - not in basements or confined areas.
- Use only approved containers to store and transport gasoline.
- Do not store propane indoors.
- Have a thorough yearly maintenance check carried out on all aspects of the furnace by a professional.
- When replacing an old furnace consult a professional to determine the most safe, economical and efficient system for your home.
- Chimneys should be cleaned at least once a year.
- Install at least one smoke alarm outside each sleeping area. For extra protection install a smoke alarm in every bedroom.
- Test smoke alarms at least monthly
- Change smoke alarm batteries every year,
- Replace smoke alarms every 10 years.
- Check electrical appliances regularly - electric blankets, heating pads, curling irons, radios, televisions, irons, etc.
- Bedrooms should be non-smoking areas.
- Flammable materials such as thinners, gasoline, paints, and industrial cleaners, should be stored neatly in approved containers and away from ignition sources.
- Do not smoke or leave matches or lighters in the garage or workshop.
Don't reach for Danger!
If a pot caught on fire in your kitchen, would you know what to do?
- Your fire department wants you to put a lid on cooking fires.
- Keep a proper fitting lid nearby and slide it over the burning pan, then turn off the burner.
When you cook always wear tight fitting sleeves and never reach over a hot burner. A dangling sleeve passing over a burner can suddenly catch fire. If this happens, knowing what to do is a matter of life and death. Don't panic and run. Drop to the floor and roll over and over to smother the flames.
- Use a temperature-controlled electric skillet or deep-fryer for frying.
- Never leave cooking unattended.
- Use appropriate cooking appliances and keep them clean.
- Keep a pot cover nearby to "put a lid on it" in the event of a fire.
- Avoid loose long sleeves when cooking.
- Check kettles and toasters for damaged electrical cords and thermostats.
- Use appliances that have an automatic shut-off.
- Keep a timer handy to remind when the oven and burners should be switched off.
- If medications cause drowsiness, do not use cooking appliances.
- For safety and insurance purposes, wood stoves must be installed by a professional.
- Always use a fire screen making sure it is the correct size for the fireplace opening.
- Do not overload electrical outlets or use extension cords in place of additional outlets.
- Smokers should check furniture for fallen cigarettes or embers which can smolder undetected for several hours before bursting into flames.
- Ensure careful use of smoking materials and extinguish in water before disposal.
- Never leave cigarettes unattended in an ashtray.
- Use safety ashtrays with a double rim and deep centre.
- Keep matches, lighters and lit candles out of reach of children.
- Never leave lit candles unattended.
Portable space heaters can quickly warm up a cold room but they have also been the cause of many serious home fires. They must be used with care.
Keep portable heaters at least 3 feet away from things that could burn such as clothing, bedding, furniture, or curtains. Make sure you turn heaters off before leaving home or going to bed.
- A responsible adult should supervise all fireworks activities.
- Never give fireworks to young children.
- Always purchase fireworks from reliable sources.
- Follow label directions carefully.
- Never point or throw fireworks at another person.
- Use fireworks outdoors in a clear area away from buildings and vehicles.
- Never carry fireworks in your pocket or shoot them in metal or glass containers.
- Light them one at a time, and then move back quickly.
- Don't experiment with homemade fireworks.
- Observe local laws and use common sense.
- Before firing a display, a few elementary precautions should be taken in order that the rules of fireworks safety are maintained.
- Read the printed instructions on each piece and plan the order of firing.
- Keep in mind that the firing location should be cleared of overhead obstructions, trees, or wiring.
- One person should be in charge of the display.
- Remember that your children are always fascinated by fireworks and make a good audience, but they should not participate in the actual firing of the pieces. Older children should be taught to participate under adult supervision.
- With the single exception of sparklers, no firework is designed to be held in the hand when lighted.
- Use buckets, boxes of sand or a wheelbarrow filled with earth as your firing base.
- Items such as Roman Candles, and other long pieces should be buried to half their length and inclined at a 10 degree angle directed away from spectators.
- If containers are not available, dig holes in the ground deep enough to bury the fireworks to half their length. Stamp the ground firmly around each piece before firing.
- Put a few gallons of water in a large container, such as a metal garbage can, for disposal of used firework pieces. Keep a garden hose available to sprinkle used fireworks.
- In the unlikely event that a piece does not go off, do not attempt to re-light it. Dispose of it in the water container.
Halloween is an exciting day for many children. This Halloween please keep the following safety tips in mind to ensure all children have a safe and happy Halloween!
- Make sure your child wears a light coloured or bright coloured costume. Reflective tape or arm bands can help heighten visibility.
- Ensure costumes are properly fitted to reduce the chance of tripping.
- Select a costume that is labeled Flame Resistant.
- Make sure vision is not restricted. Consider using makeup instead of masks.
- If wearing a mask, ensure the eye holes are large enough to see.
- Shoes should fit properly even if they do not go well with the costume
- Carry flashlights for more lighting, or wear glow sticks.
- Remind your child of the rules of the road.
- Children should know how to call 911 in case of emergency.
- Keep your outside light on so that children know they can visit your home.
- Keep the path leading up to your door free of obstacles.
- Consider using glow sticks or battery operated candles in your pumpkin instead of a candle.
- Remind children that it is not safe to enter strange homes or unknown vehicles.
- Keep pets indoors to protect them from hazards, prevent them from getting scared, and ensure they do not become aggressive toward visitors.
- Inspect your children's candy before they eat it. Throw out any that are unwrapped.
- If you are driving be aware of children. Please drive slowly!
- If you or your children are hosting or attending a party, ensure everyone knows the fire escape plan.
- Test your smoke detectors to make sure that they are working.
- If you are attending an adult Halloween party, do not drink and drive.
- Battery operated candles, flashlights, or glow sticks are the safest lights to use in a pumpkin.
- Make sure that any combustible Halloween decorations are kept a safe distance away from all sources of heat, including light bulbs and heaters.
- Do not put decorations in front of exits.
- Ensure your decorative lights are certified by the Canadian Standards Association and do not use them if they are cracked or worn.
The following 12 Days of Holiday Fire Safety tips were developed to prevent the most common types of home fires that occur during the holiday season.
- Water fresh trees daily.
- Check all sets of lighting before decorating to ensure they are in good condition.
- Make sure you have working smoke alarms.
- Make sure you have working carbon monoxide alarms.
- Make sure everyone knows how to get out safely if a fire occurs.
- Use extension cords wisely.
- Give space heaters space.
- When you go out, blow out all candles.
- Keep matches and lighters out of sight and reach of children.
- Watch what you heat! Stay in the kitchen when cooking.
- Encourage smokers to smoke outside.
- Keep a close eye on anyone in your household who consumes alcohol while cooking or smoking.
To ensure your holidays don't turn into a disaster, here are some important holiday fire safety tips:
- Teach children to stay away from candles, fireplaces, trees and space heaters.
- Keep matches and lighters out of children's reach.
- When buying presents for children, check for flame retardant labels and keep electric toys away from natural or artificial trees and paper decorations.
Natural Christmas Trees
- Buy the freshest, greenest Christmas tree you can find and store it outdoors in the shade, until you're ready to use it.
- Ensure it does not dry out. Fill it with water daily and keep it away from sources of heat.
- Do not place your tree in front of any exits and keep it out of the way of foot traffic.
- Decorations must be flame-resistant or non-combustible.
- Always turn off the lights on the tree before you go to bed or leave the house.
- Make sure your artificial tree is labeled Fire Resistant.
- Do not decorate metal or aluminum trees with lights or any other electrical product.
- Make sure your space heater has a Canadian Standards Association (CSA) label.
- Keep space heaters at least one meter away from paper, loose clothes, furniture, bedding, wallpaper and any other combustible material.
- Never place your clothes on a heater to dry.
- Turn off your heaters when you go to bed or leave the house.
- Keep children away from heaters.
- Inspect lights for damage before use. Do not use a damaged set of lights.
- Unplug the light string before you replace any burnt out light bulbs.
- Any type of decorative light you wish to use, including light strings, bulb reflectors or electrically lit decorations, must bear a CSA label and be marked for indoor use.
- Only use light strings and cords that have a CSA label and are marked for outdoor use.
- Turn off the electricity to the outlet before you start working with outdoor wiring.
- Do not use nails or tacks to hold strings of lights in place or tape cords over, under or along metal eavestroughs.
- Run all cords above ground and keep them out of snow and puddles.
- Keep bulbs facing the ground to keep moisture from entering the bulb sockets.
- Have a professional inspect and clean your chimney annually.
- Always use a fire screen.
- Never burn inappropriate materials for a fireplace, such as trash or paper.
- Put your ashes in a metal container and do not store them in your home.
- Candles should be placed in stable candle holders, kept away from combustible decorations and displays, and away from children and pets.
- Never leave burning candles unattended. Even if you leave the room for a moment, blow out the candles.
- Inform your guests of your home fire escape plan and the location of all exits.
- Only use flame-retardant or non-combustible decorations and costumes.
- Set up a designated smoking area outside with large, deep ashtrays. Always wet cigarette butts with water before discarding.
- Stay in the kitchen when cooking.
- Do not drink and drive, and do not let your guests drink and drive. Use a designated driver or arrange for a cab or other transportation to make sure you and your guests get home safely.
When in the kitchen
- If you have consumed alcohol don't use the stove.
- Stay in the kitchen while cooking, check your food regularly, and use a timer.
- Keep anything flammable, such as oven mitts, towels and curtains, away from your stove.
- Keep children and pets away from hot foods or drinks.
Follow these safety tips to keep propane a clean, portable and safe fuel.
When transporting propane cylinders
- Keep valves closed and insert safety plugs, even when they are empty.
- Always stand them upright in a well-ventilated area.
- Always set them down gently.
- Always secure them when transporting in vehicles. Try storing them in plastic milk crates.
- Never leave them in a vehicle for extended periods of time.
- Keep them away from heat or flame.
When using a propane tank
- Place and secure it on a firm base, away from excessive heat.
- When connecting your cylinder, note that the cylinder-valve connection has a left-hand thread. This can only be used with appliances approved for propane.
- After you have connected the cylinder, check for leaks. Use soapy water or a leak detector-never, never use matches or other open flames.
- Fully open the cylinder valve so that it operates properly.
- Always use a pressure-reducing regulator.
- Do not let the propane cylinder get too hot-the pressure will rise.
When you are NOT using your propane cylinder
- Close the valve tightly, even when the tank is empty. Insert the safety plug.
- Protect its valve-broken valves can leak.
- Store the cylinder away from flame and heat.
- Store your cylinder outdoors in a well-ventilated area when not in use.
- Place it in a secure, upright position away from open flames or excessive heat.
Our Inflatable Fire Safety House is a tool we use as part of our fire education program to promote fire safety, teach children the importance of a home fire escape plan, and identify fire hazards that they may face at home. It is used mostly in elementary schools along with our mascot Sparky the Fire Dog.
The inflatable house exposes many fire hazards found in the home. It is made up of three rooms: a kitchen, living room and bedroom. Students can practice escaping a fire by crawling up a ramp through the bedroom window onto an air mattress.
The fire safety house teaches students about fire safety including the dangers of playing with lighters and matches, candle safety, smoke alarms, camp fires, knowing what to do in an emergency, kitchen safety, fireplace safety, burn treatment, fire escape plans, and stop, drop, and roll.
The Hazard House is a tridimensional, animated, interactive, easy-to-transport education simulator. Fire Prevention Officers of the City of Greater Sudbury use the Hazard House to enhance their presentations by visual and auditory mean.
"The smoke and sound effects in the various rooms are wonderful for holding the attention of the audience much longer than in regular safety presentations", Mike Calloway, chairman of Laurel Fire Prevention in Laurel, Delaware.
"With the Fire Hazard House, we were able to maintain the attention span of the children for up to 25 minutes, instead of 8 minutes." Art Pullan, NFPA Fire Safety Education Rep, ON, Canada.
- Realistic smoke in action
- Astonishing spark and arcing sounds
- Flame lightning effects
- Easy to transport in any car trun
- Year-long easy indoor set-up
- Set-up takes only seconds
- Kids are captivated
- Adults highly impressed
Modeltech Int'l is an official licensee of the NFPA. Sparky and Sparky the Fire Dog are registered trademark of the NFPA. Hazard House is recommended for use with the Learn Not to Burn or Risk Watch program of the NFPA.
Canada's continued high annual losses of life and property due to fire indicates a need for an increased effort in creating, through education, a fire-safe environment for Canadians. Many fire deaths and injuries involve children of kindergarten and elementary school ages. Fire Prevention Canada believes many of these tragic losses can be prevented through a coordinated national approach to fire safety education.
Children make up a large percentage of the fire death and injury statistics in Canada. Therefore, this age group has been targeted for fire safety educational programs. After an extensive review period, Fire Prevention Canada determined that the Learn Not To Burn Curriculum is the most comprehensive, user-friendly and proven fire safety educational program in existence today.
The Learn Not To Burn educational materials have been developed in consultation with educators, fire and burn prevention professionals and curriculum specialists to ensure that the program materials are of the highest quality. The program has been designed to encourage "at-home" and community participation to strengthen the knowledge obtained in the classroom. Parent questionnaires and "take-home" activities help to encourage family participation in fire safety, "life saving" skills.
The Fire Marshals and Fire Commissioners from across Canada are unanimously committed to work with educators and fire departments to ensure a successful implementation and follow up process of the Learn Not To Burn program.
The Learn Not To Burn program is in place in all the City of Greater Sudbury elementary schools. Preparation through education is the best defence children can learn. Lessons taught to students through this curriculum will prepare them to act properly and quickly should they be faced with a dangerous fire situation.
For more Fire Safety information, contact the City of Greater Sudbury Fire Services, Fire Prevention division at 3-1-1
The Learn Not to Burn® (LNTB) curriculum is a fire safety curriculum designed by teachers for teachers and is intended for use by individual classroom teachers. The curriculum is written for Grades K - 3 and teaches 22 key fire safety behaviours.
The LNTB curriculum is an internationally accepted program that was developed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The Canadian Tire Child Protection Association has funded the distribution and translation of the materials to all public schools in Canada.
The following LNTB educational materials are available in French and English:
Level 1 - Learn Not to Burn® curriculum binder
LNTB Resource Books
LNTB Pre-School Program
All four Greater Sudbury School Board of Education endorsed the LNTB curriculum in 1994 as a component of the health and guidance curriculum. The Fire Services is responsible for implementing the curriculum, distributing the program materials and for providing in-service training for the teachers in the Sudbury school divisions.
LNTB Resource Books
LNTB Resource Books are a grade-based alternative to the LNTB curriculum. The four resource books teach children in Kindergarten through Grade three, 14 basic fire safety behaviours. Each lesson includes background fire safety information for teachers, discussion points and reproducible activity sheets that can be integrated into classroom subjects such as language arts, math, art, health/safety, social studies and science. Also included are evaluation forms to test students' fire safety knowledge both before and after the program has been taught.
LNTB Pre-School Program
LNTB Pre-school program uses songs, games and activities to teach eight basic fire and burn prevention behaviours to children ages 3 - 5 years. The lessons are short, simple and encourage active participation. The program includes a 60-page teacher's guide that features detailed lesson plans, fire safety background information, letters to parents and reproducible colouring sheets. LNTB Pre-school is available from Fire Prevention Canada. (www.fiprecan.ca/)
NFPA'S "Learn Not To Burn TM" Program
"The Canadian Experience"
In 1993 a partnership between Fire Prevention Canada, the Canadian Tire Child Protection Foundation, and the National Fire Protection Association was developed to provide elementary schools across Canada with Learn Not to Burn (LNTB) Level 1 Curriculum and four Resource Books.
Fire Prevention Canada, (FPC), a national registered charitable organization dedicated to providing Canada with dynamic leadership and national focus in the field of fire prevention through education, provided the leadership and management necessary for the implementation and delivery of the LNTB program. FPC's commitment to LNTB was to provide the initial funding of $500,000 to Canadianize and implement this program nationally through the Fire Marshals and Fire Commissioners. Since 1993 FPC has continued to underwrite the administration costs of LNTB.
The Canadian Tire Child Protection Foundation funded the program at a cost of $890,000 over a three-year period, to provide approximately 13,000 sets of materials available in English and French to all schools across Canada.
The LNTB program was selected for this national initiative since it met FPC's criteria of fire prevention through education. LNTB was designed and developed by the NFPA in consultation with educators, fire and burn prevention experts and curriculum experts. The program was endorsed by the Canadian Teachers' Federation, provincial educational authorities and the Fire Service and targeted to children who represent a major percentage of fire deaths and injuries in Canada.
In addition to the LNTB materials, promotional videos and media kits in English and French were developed, as well as 42 Sparky costumes. These were distributed to Fire Marshals and Fire Commissioners to assist in implementing the program in their provinces.
The rate of implementation of the program varies across Canada, depending on the strategies developed by the Fire Marshals and Fire Commissioners and resources available. The program is in place throughout Canada and, as of October 1998, over 80% of the materials were in schools and the provincial implementation was ongoing.
It is gratifying to see the tremendous success of this program nationally since its availability in 1994.
In reviewing and analyzing the Canadian scene, the following has been achieved:
Public education of school-aged children through LNTB program saves lives and reduces property loss from fire. A total of 35 Save incidents have been recognized, resulting in 88 lives saved since the introduction of the program in 8 provinces across Canada.
Where implemented, the knowledge level of school children of fire safety practices has increased and they are able to put the knowledge gained into practice.
This program will continue to be available to children in the future and Canadians will benefit through the knowledge and behaviours learned for a lifetime.
The successes that have been achieved are the direct result of the commitment of educators and the Fire Service and would not have been possible without the NFPA Learn Not to BurnTM program, the support of the Canadian Tire Child Protection Foundation, Fire Prevention Canada and the Fire Marshals and Fire Commissioners to deliver and implement the program in schools across Canada serving approximately 3.5 million students.
As Canadians, we should all be proud of this achievement.
Learn Not to Burn Program®
The Learn not to Burn Program takes into account what children need to know about fire and burn prevention and it teaches them in a positive, non-threatening way
For more than 20 years, Learn Not to Burn® (LNTB) has been the theme and focus of NFPA's comprehensive public fire safety education initiatives. Based on NFPA's belief that fire safety information should be presented in a positive, non-threatening manner, LNTB teaches people of all ages how to make responsible choices regarding health and safety.
Children in preschool through eighth grade can receive critical life safety skills through the following LNTB education materials:
The LNTB Curriculum, first released in 1979, teaches 22 key fire safety behaviours and is organized in three learning levels. The curriculum is intended for use by individual classroom teachers in planning classroom activities and can be re-used from year to year.
The LNTB Resource Books, available in English and French, are a grade-based alternative to the LNTB Curriculum. This four-volume program teaches children in kindergarten through grade three 14 basic fire safety behaviours over a four-year period. Each lesson includes background fire safety information for teachers, discussion points, and reproducible activity sheets that can be integrated into classroom subjects such as language arts, math, art, health/safety and science. Also included are evaluation forms to test students' fire safety knowledge both before and after the new program has been implemented.
The LNTB Preschool Program, available in English and French, uses original songs, games, and activities to teach eight basic fire and burn prevention behaviours to children ages 3-5. The lessons in the program are short and simple and encourage active participation. The program includes a 60-page teacher's guide featuring detailed lesson plans, fire safety background information, letters to parents and reproducible colouring sheets. Each lesson is reinforced with a lively, easy-to-learn fire safety song included on a cassette tape of original music.
Through its partnerships, the Council helps support the continued implementation of the highly successful Learn Not to Burn® (LNTB®) fire safety education program that is available to elementary school children worldwide. Based on the National Fire Protection Association's curriculum, it includes songs, stories, puppets, games and other activities to teach fire safety behaviours (e.g., Stop, Drop and Roll, crawl low under smoke) in a way that children can understand and remember. This program has been credited with saving lives throughout North America. In the past six years, Ontario has documented life saves attributed to LNTB® in Prescott, Chatham, Sudbury, Owen Sound, Ajax, Smiths Falls and Brockville, among others.
LNTB® focuses on teaching 22 key fire safety behaviours to children from kindergarten to grade 8 through the core curriculum in their classrooms. Through a partnership with Fire Prevention Canada, the NFPA and the Canadian Tire Child Protection Foundation, almost 4,000 Level 1 curricula have been delivered to schools across Ontario.
A LNTB preschool program is designed to teach eight simple but important life saving behaviours to children in preschool and day-care centres. To date, more than 1,200 preschool kits have been distributed throughout Ontario.
TAPP-C "The Arson Prevention Program for Children"
The Arson Prevention Program for Children (TAPP-C) is an Ontario program that brings together fire services and counseling professionals to help families deal effectively with children and teens involved in fire-play. The fire service professionals educate children and their families about fire and how to develop good fire safety practices. Counseling professionals assess the risk of continued fire involvement and help children and their families deal with problems that may contribute to the firesetting. Designed to promote/foster attitudes and behaviours that will result in good fire safety practices and improve understanding of the problem of child and adolescent fire setting, TAPP-C is free-of-charge and is available to children from 2 to 17 years of age.
For most children, fireplay is the result of a normal curiosity about fire. They do not understand or know how to handle fire properly. For some, however, fireplay is a symptom of other problems. This program will help to determine why a particular child is involved in pre-setting and depending upon the assessment, provide for the appropriate treatment and follow-up.
Once a child has been identified as having set a fire or is caught repeatedly playing with lighters or matches, he/she is assessed by a mental health professional and is determined to be a low or high risk for future fire setting. Children assessed to pose a low risk will receive fire safety education from the fire services, while high risk children will receive both fire safety education and further treatment to prevent this dangerous behaviour.
The fire services usually finds out about a young fire setter from the child's parent or care giver. In most cases, the child has been caught playing with matches or lighters many times and the care giver is not able to stop this behaviour. The fire services refers the parent to the TAPP-C program and arranges to do a home safety check as soon as possible. This safety check is to protect the home and family from the young fire setter. The fire department ensures that the home has a working smoke alarm and a fire escape plan and that matches and lighters are kept out of sight and reach of children.
The project will develop an assessment method to determine which young fire setters are showing only normal curiosity about fire, and which ones may have an underlying mental health problem, of which setting fires is a symptom. All children will receive education about fire safety and, depending on the assessment findings, some will be referred for therapy by mental health professionals.
The objectives of the TAPP-C Program is:
- To help reduce the number of fires, injuries and loss of life and property that is caused by youth fire setters.
- Through the assessment, the program will be able to distinguish between Firesetters who exhibit a normal curiosity about fire and those who may have a serious mental health problem of which setting fires is a symptom.
- To use education as the number one tool to help reduce youth firesetting.
- To ensure that all children in the program receive fire safety education.
The facts about fire play:
If your child is involved in fire-play or firesetting you are not alone. Many children have a fascination with fire. It is important to understand that while curiosity about fire is natural, fire-play can be dangerous. In fact, fire is a leading cause of death among children in the home. Unfortunately, many youngsters start the very fires that injure themselves or others.
What is fire-play?
Fire-play can be many things:
- Playing with matches or lighters
- Playing with the toaster, stove or furnace
- Burning items such as toys, paper or garbage
- Setting a fire to destroy something or hurt someone
Things to watch for:
If you notice any of the following, your child may be involved in fire-play:
- Matches or lighters go missing
- Matches or lighters are found among your child’s belongings
- There are burn marks on household items or your child’s clothing or possessions
- Your child is extremely interested in fire
Juvenile Fire Setters
There are four distinct types of fire setters:
The majority of these are between two and seven years old. They imitate adults who light cigarettes and candles. It is normal for them to be interested in fire, but they must be taught how destructive it can be.
These are generally children crying out for help. Many of these children have problems at school and could also be trying to cope with domestic abuse. Setting fires is a way for them to deal with their anger. Troubled children tend to:
- play alone,
- be very shy,
- wet their beds,
- be incapable of forming close relationships,
- fight impulsively with siblings or peers,
- suffer from extreme mood swings, and
- act aggressively by hurting themselves or destroying their toys
These are young teenagers with a history of pyromania. They target abandoned buildings, open fields and schools. The fires can be large and very destructive. Experts say that delinquent fire setters have a history of lying, theft, truancy and possible substance abuse.
A very small percentage of fire setters is severely disturbed. Age is not an issue. Most severely disturbed fire setters are in mental or correctional institutions.