Active Transportation Routes


Active Transportation Route Selection Principles

The Transportation Plan involves defining enhancements to the bike and sidewalk networks, the 'Active Transportation” modes. To begin this process, we need to define principles appropriate for Greater Sudbury.

  1. Visible: Active transportation routes should be a visible component of the transportation system.
  2. Connected/Linked: The Active Transportation network should link communities and important destinations throughout Greater Sudbury such as commercial, employment and residential areas, community centres, leisure, recreation and tourist destinations, parks and schools, including colleges. The Active Transportation network should be seamlessly connected to neighbouring municipalities. Active Transportation routes should provide crossings of major barriers, for example railways, highways, major arterial roads, valleys and rivers, at appropriate locations.
  3. Easy to Access: Active Transportation routes should be easily accessible from local neighbourhoods within Greater Sudbury.
  4. Integrated: The Active Transportation network should be integrated with other modes of transportation, particularly public transit. Routes will provide access to existing and future/planned transit stations and hubs, for example Greater Sudbury Transit and Greyhound.
  5. Attractive and Interesting: Active Transportation routes should take advantage of attractive and scenic areas, views and vistas. Routes should provide users with the opportunity experience and appreciate the natural and cultural heritage assets throughout Greater Sudbury.
  6. Diverse: The Active Transportation network should provide a diverse on and off-road walking and cycling experience throughout the municipality. The system should appeal to a range of user abilities and interests, which implies a variety or hierarchy of route types.
  7. Comfortable: Active Transportation route and facility solutions should be based on the goal of reducing risks to users and providing facilities that people are comfortable using. The confidence and acceptance of the network can be instilled in users by reducing real and perceived risk.
  8. Accessible: Where possible and practical, off-road Active Transportation routes will be accessible. It is recognized, however, that not all off-road Active Transportation routes will be accessible in all locations. Routes should be appropriately signed to communicate the level of accessibility so that users can make their own decision about use based on their personal level of mobility.
  9. Context Sensitive: Off-road Active Transportation routes should be appropriately located when associated with natural heritage features. Each site's characteristics should be carefully considered when the alignment and design details are being developed for routes in natural heritage features.
  10. Sustainable: Sustainability will be a key consideration in the alignment, design and selection of materials for on and off-road Active Transportation routes.
  11. Cost-effective: The cost to implement and maintain the Active Transportation network and supporting facilities/amenities should be phased over time and designed to be affordable and appropriate in scale for Greater Sudbury. User safety will not be compromised in the interest of minimizing initial construction or ongoing operational costs. Opportunities for partnerships with other levels of government and outside organizations should be pursued wherever possible.

Active Transportation Facility Options

Options for Active Transportation Facilities <link to pdf Active Transportation Facility Options> are varied in Greater Sudbury.

They include the following On-Road Bicycle Facilities:

  • Shared Roadway/Signed Bike Route
  • Shared Roadway/Signed Bike Route with Wide Curb Lane
  • Signed Bike Route with Paved Shoulder
  • Bicycle Lane
  • Separated Bicycle Lane
  • Cycle Track

In-Boulevard Bicycle Facilities include an Active Transportation (AT) Path.

Off-Road Bicycle Facilities include an Off-Road Multi-Use Trail.

What Active Transportation Options do you prefer?

Residents attending the Transportation Study Public Information Centre on January 11 were asked to match the following potential active transportation options with their level of comfort, described as most comfortable, comfortable or least comfortable.

  • Bike Lanes and Shoulder Bikeways
  • Separated Bike Lanes and Cycle Tracks
  • Multi-use Trails (off-road)
  • Sidewalks
  • Signed Only Bike Route
  • Other

Active Transportation Opportunities and Challenges


  • Creating a connected and destination oriented network.
  • Lack of connected facilities to, and within, outlying communities.
  • Gaps in sidewalk network.
  • Physical barriers such as railways, hilly topography, lakes and rivers.
  • Lack of a 'grid” road network in many areas.
  • Large and complex intersections.
  • Truck traffic.
  • Accommodating the needs of a range of skill levels among users, for example, experienced versus casual cyclists.
  • Maintenance, including winter snow clearing and snow storage.


  • Abandoned railway lines, low volume railway lines and other linear corridors.
  • Grade-separated crossings already in place in several locations.
  • Some on and off-road facilities already in place, with plans to upgrade and complete other routes.
  • Potential expansion of Rack and Roll program.
  • Targeted education initiatives for drivers, cyclists and pedestrians.

Candidate Active Transportation Routes Being Considered

Candidate routes (pdf 573 kb) are being investigated for an Active Transportation Network. Candidate routes combine those identified in the Sustainable Mobility Plan, routes identified by the Bicycle Advisory Panel, plus additional routes identified by the Consulting Team through research and field investigations. Residents attending the Transportation Study Public Information Centre were invited to identify additional routes for consideration.

Developing the Active Transportation Route Network

1. Assemble and Review Background Materials:

    • Routes identified in the Sustainable Mobility Plan (SMP.)
    • Routes identified by the Bicycle Advisory Panel (BAP).
    • List of Capital Projects for 2011 and 2012.
    • Updated Sidewalk Inventory.
    • Preliminary input from staff and stakeholders.

2. Prepare List of Route Selection Principles.

3. Prepare Candidate Route Network:

    • Prepare base network map by combining layers of information from review of background  materials.
    • Review combined layers using GIS and high resolution aerial imagery (Google Earth).
    • List and map potential additional routes for field review.

4. Field Review:

    • Initial field review Fall 2011.
    • Using Candidate Active Transportation Routes Being Considered.
    • Some routes were removed, some additional were added.

5. Prepare Draft Active Transportation Network Concept.

6. Initial Public Review of Draft Active Transportation Network Concept:

Please review the Draft Active Transportation Network Concept Maps (pdf 528 kb) and provide us with your comments.

    • Are there routes that should be added?
    • Are there additional opportunities the Study Team should review?
    • Are there routes that should be eliminated?

7. Recommended Active Transportation Network:

    • Refinement of Active Transportation Network Concept based on input received and select additional field investigations.

8. Recommend Facility Types:
Refine initial assessment based on criteria such as

    • Existing and future traffic volume
    • Motor vehicle operating speed
    • Number of travel lanes
    • Existing lane widths
    • Available right-of-way/availability of public land or potential agreements for access on other linear corridors
    • Adjacent land uses
    • Types of designations along the route
    • Anticipated types of users (e.g. skilled commuters vs. casual/recreational)
    • Capital improvement plans (where applicable)
    • Maintenance and Operations

9. Prepare Implementation Plan:

    • Prepare an Opinion of Cost to construct the network (based on unit costing)
    • Identify priorities
    • Identify maintenance strategies
    • Develop phasing strategy and strategy to prioritize sidewalk improvements
    • Identify potential funding strategies and partnership opportunities
    • Public Review