Find other sites and services by the City of Greater Sudbury
Greater Sudbury Airport
Greater Sudbury Airport
Your journey begins with us. Avoid the hassles of the highway and travel worry-free with the Greater Sudbury Airport. Check here for arrivals, departures, traveller information and more!
Your Local Library
Your Local Library
Greater Sudbury Public Library is proud to offer a wide range of bilingual services and collections which meet the information and leisure needs of all ages.
Heritage Museums
Heritage Museums
Discover our rich past. Explore four local museums through digital imaging, audio and video. The site also features the INCO Triangle Digital Archives.
Invest Sudbury
Invest Sudbury
The Greater Sudbury Development Corporation is the engine for local economic development. Explore initiatives to attract, develop and retain business in our city.
Sudbury Tourism
Sudbury Tourism
Greater Sudbury is a place for adventure. Choose from world-renowned attractions, urban comforts and outdoor getaways. Packages are available.
Regional Business Centre
Regional Business Centre
Let us help you find what you need to succeed. Our not-for-profit organization provides information and resources to fund, launch and grow your business, free of charge.
inst_greatersudbury1

Introduction to Provincial Legislation and Municipal By-law Regulating Pets in Greater Sudbury

The following is an opportunity to learn more about provincial legislation that regulates the delivery of pound services in Ontario and City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285 to Regulate the Keeping of Animals and the Registration of Dogs and Cats.

The complete City of Greater Sudbury By-law to Regulate the Keeping of Animals and the Registration of Dogs and Cats is available here for review. You may also review the summary on this page.

The complete Ontario Animals for Research Act (R.S.O. 1990 c. A. 22) is available here for review. You may also review the summary on this page.

Introduction

Ontario Animals for Research Act

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285

Registering dogs and cats

Number of dogs and cats per household

Catching and impounding dogs and cats

Vicious dogs

Species permitted as pets

Qualifications to open a pound

Monitoring of pound services

Holding period

Conditions for euthanasia

Qualifications for euthanasia

Methods of euthanasia

Pound fees

Introduction

Animal control and pound services are contracted by the City of Greater Sudbury:

  • Current contract expires March 31, 2014.
  • City is preparing to issue a call for public tender.

Animal control and pound services are regulated by:

  • Ontario Animals for Research Act (R.S.O. 1990 c. A. 22),
  • By-law 2002-285 of the City of Greater Sudbury to Regulate the Keeping of Animals and the Registration of Dogs and Cats, and
  • Tender for Pound and Animal Control Services in the City of Greater Sudbury.
  • Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (R.S.O. 1990 c. O.36) regulates complaints of cruelty/mistreatment of animals.

Ontario Animals for Research Act (R.S.O. 1990 c. A. 22) regulates:

  • licensing and standards of pounds,
  • keeping and adoption of animals
  • euthanasia procedures, and
  • responsibilities and authorities of the pound operator.

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285 regulates:

  • dog and cat registration,
  • number permitted per household,
  • dogs and cats running at large,
  • seizing and impounding dogs and cats,
  • disposal of excrement in public places,
  • noise and vicious dogs, and
  • species of animals that may be kept.

[back to top]

Who must register their dogs and cats in the City of Greater Sudbury?

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285:

  • Every owner of a dog or cat must register their pet before January 1.
  • $30 for a regular licence,
  • $15 for spayed or neutered,
  • $15 for pet owners age 55+.

[back to top]

Who determines how many dogs and cats may be kept in a household?

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285:

  • maximum of 2 dogs,
  • maximum combined total of 4 dogs and cats,
  • special provisions for rural working farms.

[back to top]

Who is responsible for catching and impounding dogs and cats running at large?

  • City of Greater Sudbury contracts its animal control services through public tender.
  • Contractor is responsible for catching dogs and cats running at large.
  • Contractor may enter any private property without consent of the property owner for this purpose.

[back to top]

Who determines what should be done about vicious dogs?

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285:

  • Written complaint and satisfactory evidence that dog has attacked without provocation.
  • Must be kept muzzled and securely leashed outdoors both at home and in public.
  • Option to request hearing before Council or Committee for exemption.
  • Dog Owners’ Liability Act (R.S.O. 1990 c. D. 16) restricts certain breeds and provides a process for victims of dog bites/attacks to seek compensation through the provincial court system.

[back to top]

Who determines which species of animals can be kept as pets?

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285:

  • Permitted animals subject to zoning by-laws and conditions for shelter and care.
  • maximum of two dogs,
  • maximum of four cats,
  • maximum of six adult rabbits,
  • maximum of 10 pigeons (exemptions for members of homing/racing clubs),
  • maximum combined total of six mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters and gerbils,
  • maximum of two ferrets,
  • maximum of two non-venomous snakes,
  • maximum of two non-venomous lizards, and
  • maximum of six domestic birds.
  • Farm animals/livestock/fowl are subject to zoning by-laws.

[back to top]

Who may operate an animal pound?

Ontario Animals for Research Act (R.S.O. 1990 c. A. 22) regulates minimum requirements for opening and operating an animal pound:

  • experience in the proper care and handling of animals, and
  • possession of property, facilities and tools to properly care for animals.

[back to top]

Who monitors the operation of animal pounds?

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs enforces legislation under the Ontario Animals for Research Act:

  • Act specifies conditions for construction, maintenance, safety and comfort of pens, runs and food, and
  • Act specifies adequate number of qualified persons on the premises every day.
  • Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals investigates complaints of cruelty/mistreatment of animals.
  • City of Greater Sudbury responsible for supervision of the pound and animal control contract.

[back to top]

Who determines how long an unidentifiable dog or cat must be held at an animal pound prior to euthanasia?

  • Act specifies that pound operators must take all reasonable steps to find and notify the owner of an impounded dog or cat with a means of identification and release the animal back to the owner subject to payment as required by law.
  • Unidentifiable dogs and cats (strays) must be impounded for a minimum of three days, not counting the day of impounding and holidays, under the Ontario Animals for Research Act.
  • City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285 currently matches the three day limit under the Act.
  • The Ontario Animals for Research Act limits pound operators to three options when the number of stray dogs and cats exceeds pound capacity: euthanasia (after the three day minimum), adoption (either free or for a fee), sale of the animal to a registered research facility in Ontario upon request.

[back to top]

Who determines the conditions which permit euthanasia of stray dogs and cats?

Ontario Animals for Research Act legislates conditions:

  • owner has requested in writing,
  • inspector or veterinarian order,
  • dog or cat impounded beyond minimum redemption period, and
  • dog or cat is ill or injured and in operator’s opinion incapable of being cured or healed to live without suffering.

[back to top]

Who determines qualifications needed for euthanasia of dogs and cats?

Ontario Animals for Research Act legislates qualifications:

  • properly trained in chosen procedure,
  • conducted without unnecessary pain or discomfort, and
  • does not endanger or disturb other animals in the pound.

[back to top]

Who determines the method of euthanasia for dogs and cats?

Ontario Animals for Research Act permits methods which do not involve use of chemicals:

  • captive bolt pistol (dogs only),
  • firearm,
  • exsanguination (blood letting), provided the animal is completely anaesthetized, and
  • electrocution (dogs only).

Ontario Animals for Research Act permits methods which involve use of chemicals:

  • barbiturates (intravenously),
  • Hoechst pharmaceutical product T-61 (intravenously),
  • chloral hydrate (intravenously),
  • ether (inhalation),
  • carbon dioxide (inhalation),
  • chloroform (inhalation), and
  • carbon monoxide (inhalation) with provisions.

[back to top]

Who determines the fees that owners must pay to release their dog or cat from the pound?

City of Greater Sudbury By-law 2002-285 sets fees:

•$50 for impound,

•$15 per diem boarding fee, and

•veterinary bill(s) (as incurred).

[back to top]